Summary Response Outline S/R 3
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
- Othello, by William Shakespeare, depicts the manipulation that main character, Iago uses as he deceivingly puts his plan of revenge into action.
- Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
- Iago starts by inducing Cassio, the newly hired Lieutenant, to think about how attractive Desdemona is. Iago convinces his good friend Roderigo that Cassio is in love with Othello’s wife Desdemona, which causes Roderigo to become angry.
- Meanwhile, Iago slyly gets Cassio drunk, knowing that this will provoke the Lieutenant to do things he will regret. Cassio gets into a fight with Roderigo and Montano after consuming the alcohol which causes Othello to strip Cassio from his position as Lieutenant. In order to advance the idea that Cassio loves Desdemona, Iago mendaciously convinces Cassio to seek help from her to obtain his leadership back.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea
- In his work, Othello, Shakespeare illustrates how Iago generates his plan by deludingley controlling the other characters and using them to his benefit.
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___________ because ___________ .
- Othello, by William Shakespeare, correctly portrays the measures one will go to in order to obtain desired revenge, by deceitfully influencing others.
- Claim 1:
- Iago exemplifies the risks one will take to get revenge by assuming an attitude of manipulation and using other Cassio to obtain his job.
- Set- up
- He deceives Cassio by convincing him of Desdemona’s beauty. After talking about Desdemona like that, Cassio would look like he is betraying Othello. Iago sets Cassio up in order to get his revenge, risking punishment.
- Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
- Iago tricks Cassio and exemplifies this attitude when he comments to Cassio, “What an eye she has! Methinks it sounds a parley to provocation.”...“And when she speaks, is it not an alarum to love?” ...“She is indeed perfection” (Cassio) (Shakespeare 2.3. 20-30)
- Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
- Iago has a strong influence on Cassio and makes him admit to Desdemona’s beauty. Disregarding the risk he is taking and consequences that could possibly lie ahead, Iago exemplifies how revenge can flood one’s conscience and cause regretful actions.
- Counterclaim 1: However, ....
- However, Iago is replaced by Cassio and stripped of his identity as Lieutenant. Iago does whatever it takes to restore his reputation. He felt that he was wronged, and wanted to fix that by getting his job back and the achievement of being Othello’s “right-hand man”.
- Iago believes that being Lieutenant is a part of him. He exhibits a state of longing and a feeling of betrayal. His languishing Iago stresses the importance of having this identity by doing what is needed to get his job back.
- Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation” ( )
- He expresses his feelings of need by stating, “
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
Cassio knowing that his reputation would be harmed, still drank. Cassio made the decision to drink while not under the influence of alcohol.
- What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea
- Even though Cassio is now blamed, Iago was the one who brought up Desdemona. Not just Desdemona, but, a description of how beautiful and attractive she is.
1st step: Describe a "naive response" or an opposing interpretation of your position. A "naive view" is a view that you personally disagree with or a view that misses something important. But don't use the word "naive." Say something like…
I used to think that...
A common view is that...
At first glance...
Many think that....
X argues that...
Critics of ____ propose...
Many think that Iago is full on deceiving Cassio and Roderigo because he sets them up to make a scene that is not actually what it seems like.
2nd step: Briefly explain the logic or reasoning of this "naive view." Answer the question, "Why would someone think this way? Why would they find their answer or solution logical or reasonable?" Why did I think this way? Say something like...
We cannot deny that...
This way of making sense of the position makes a degree of sense [why?]
This position seems reasonable [why?]
I can understand why someone might interpret X in this way [explain how so]
These conclusions seem compelling [why?]
This position seems reasonable because Iago does hold a high influence on Cassio and Roderigo. Iago wants to get back at Cassio but, Iago also knows he can’t take Cassio’s job without making Cassio look bad. Iago uses Roderigo’s love for Desdemona to do the “dirty” work for Iago. Iago starts a fight between Cassio and Roderigo. This fight in turn makes Cassio look bad and results in Cassio being fired and Iago made the new first commander.
3rd step: Provide a transition that indicates that you are going to contrast this "naive view." Say something like...
But it's more complicated than that...
This interpretation is helpful, but it misses an important point...
This interpretation raises a fundamental question...
While this view seems plausible/reasonable at first glance, we should look closer…
While this view seems plausible at first glance, we should look closer at the real flaws in the plan. Cassio was chosen over Roderigo to be first commander. Roderigo being enraged at Othello’s decision, wants revenge. Using Iago who would also like revenge on Othello, plots out a plan that get Iago what he wants.