Sunday, October 4, 2015

Othello S/R Act 5

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea

Act 5 of William Shakespeare’s Othello, portrays how manipulation can affect one’s choices and actions.

  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
Iago has already manipulated Othello into thinking that his own wife, is having an affair with Cassio, Othello’s ex commander. Not only does Iago succeed in causing chaos between Othello and Desdemona but, also proceeds to create havoc between Roderigo and Cassio. Iago, knowing that Roderigo has strong feelings towards Desdemona makes Roderigo jealous of the false affair going on between Desdemona and Cassio. Out of jealousy, Roderigo intends to kills Cassio but, fails and instead severely wounds him due to his heavy armor. As this is happening, Othello becomes more immersed in the lie that Iago has created. Out of rage, Othello kills his wife only to later find out that Desdemona indeed was completely faithful. Othello then decides to turn the knife on himself.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea

Shakespeare illustrates the strength of lies and manipulation with Iago making Othello and Roderigo believe that Desdemona and Cassio are in an affair ultimately resulting in death during Othello act 5.


Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________

Othello, written by William Shakespeare correctly portrays the power that manipulation can have on one’s actions.

  • Claim 1:

Iago knows if he insults Cassio and Othello in the right way, two men of very high power, Iago can get whatever he wishes.

    • Set-up
Iago strongly seeks revenge on Othello for naming Cassio his lieutenant instead of him. Iago then comes up with a brutal plan that will end all harmony between everyone.
Iago plans to start a rumour about Desdemona (Othello’s wife) and Cassio (Othello’s ex lieutenant). With Iago’s plan in action, chaos rises between Cassio and Roderigo as well as Desdemona and Othello. Cassio becomes jealous of Desdemona and Cassio while Othello becomes enraged at his wife for cheating.

    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )

“Yet she must die, else she’ll betray more men.” (5.2.5-10)

    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim

Iago knows that Cassio thinks highly of Othello and would do anything to get his job back. Using this information as his base, Iago then proceeds to inform Othello and Roderigo that Desdemona, Othello’s wife and Cassio are having an affair. Roderigo, having strong feelings for Desdemona becomes extremely jealous towards Cassio. Iago uses Roderigo and influences him to kill Cassio. This plan fails and winds up with Roderigo only wounding Cassio. Meanwhile, Othello is enraged at his own wife following the story Iago has told him. Trusting Iago over his own wife, Othello then murders Desdemona only to find out that Desdemona was honest.

  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....

However, Iago did save Cassio’s life when Roderigo tried to kill him. Without Iago there to help Cassio, he would have most likely died.
    • Set-up

Roderigo comes in with intentions of killing Cassio but, instead severely wounds Cassio due to his strong armor. Iago then hears Cassio groaning in pain and rushes over to help out and calls for extra help.

    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )

“Iago? O, I am spoiled, undone by villains. Give me some help!. (Iago) O, me lieutenant! What villains have done this?” (5.1.63-65)

    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim

Iago knowing that he may be framed for the action of trying to kill Cassio, cared about his friend and helped him out anyways.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Rebuttal progression
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea

Proposal Paper
Rebuttal progression:

1st step: Describe a "naive response" or an opposing interpretation of your position. A "naive view" is a view that you personally disagree with or a view that misses something important. But don't use the word "naive." Say something like…
I used to think that...
A common view is that...
At first glance...
Many think that....
X argues that...
Critics of ____ propose…

A common view is that while Iago did set up the rumor about Desdemona and Cassio, he did in return save Cassio’s life.

2nd step: Briefly explain the logic or reasoning of this "naive view." Answer the question, "Why would someone think this way? Why would they find their answer or solution logical or reasonable?" Why did I think this way? Say something like...
We cannot deny that...
This way of making sense of the position makes a degree of sense [why?]
This position seems reasonable [why?]
I can understand why someone might interpret X in this way [explain how so]
These conclusions seem compelling [why?]

This position seems reasonable  because many people think that Othello is overreacting and not paying attention to his own wife.

3rd step: Provide a transition that indicates that you are going to contrast this "naive view." Say something like...
However...
But it's more complicated than that...
This interpretation is helpful, but it misses an important point...
This interpretation raises a fundamental question...
While this view seems plausible/reasonable at first glance, we should look closer...

But it’s more complicated than that because while Othello shows compassion for his wife, he is constantly being provided evidence that supports the affair. “... I saw the handkerchief!” (5.2.81). Iago showed Othello that Cassio has possession over Desdemona’s handkerchief. This piece of evidence is a critical reason for Othello believes Iago because the handkerchief was Othello’s first present to Desdemona.